Dry eye occurs when not enough tears are produced, or the tears that are produced are of poor quality. Tears help keep the front of the eye healthy and smooth to maintain good vision and comfort. Dry eye is commonly a chronic condition.
Dry Eye Syndrome causes:
- Medications (antidepressants, birth control pills, antihistamines, decongestants, certain blood pressure medications, hormone replacement)
- Medical conditions (Autoimmune disease, Diabetes, Thyroid disorders, Rosacea)
- Menopause and Pregnancy
- Increasing age
- Environment (dry climates, fans, air conditioning, smoking, extended computer use)
- Blepharitis and Meibomian Gland Dysfunction are common causes for dry eye. The inflammation along the lid margin causes the Meibomian glands to function poorly and not produce the correct tear components causing the tear layer to evaporate quicker. Routinely using hot compresses and scrubbing the eyelids allows the glands to function better and reduce dry eye symptoms.